Orthopedic Tumor Surgery
Bone tumors that are benign are often discovered in the upper arm, leg or pelvis region. Even though they aren't cancerous, if the tumor is large it can damage the oncology soft tissue or the adjacent bones. Tumors in the bone that are cancerous, or malignant, will typically spread to other areas of the body through the lymphatic system or the bloodstream.
The three main types of malignant bone tumors include bone sarcoma, which begins in the bone cells or the cells of the cartilage or the connective tissue. A marrow tumor is located in the bone marrow cells. Metastatic bone disease originates in other parts of the body and spreads to the bone.
Bone cancer often begins in an individual's arms or legs, and in addition to the removal of the tumor, it may be necessary for a surgeon to perform bone reconstruction to increase an individual's movement in the arm or leg.
Advanced Skeletal Trauma Surgery
Bone trauma most often occurs when individuals are in an automobile accident or when they sustain a serious fall. When this type of trauma occurs, surgery is often required to repair and set the bones back into place.
An orthopedic surgeon also specializes in treating patients who are having complications due to previous bone surgeries. Mal-union surgeries are required when a bone wasn't set properly during the first surgery. This often causes the bones to become malformed and many individuals will lose movement in the limb because it's deformed or it's too short. Non-union skeletal fractures occur when a previously set bone hasn't properly healed and it doesn't line up correctly with the other bones.
Advanced Joint Reconstruction
When joints in the body begin to degenerate, individuals will have severe pain and they'll lose their range of movement. An orthopedic oncologist can provide a surgical treatment that restores an individual's movement and lessens their pain. Older individuals often need hip replacement surgery due to inflammatory arthritis, osteoarthritis and avascular necrosis.
An orthopedic surgeon also specializes in treating children who need to have a Pediatric Hip Replacement. The need for this type of surgery is often due to bone cancer, hip malformation, infection of the bone and diseases that prevent proper blood flow to the hip joint.